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METHODS OF CONTROLLING THE BREEDING BEHAVIOR OF BUTTERFLIES

Methods of controlling the feeding and/or breeding behavior of a target insect are disclosed in which a host plant is provided a substantial distance from a plant of interest, chemical attractant that induces the target insect to lay eggs on the host plant is applied to the host plant, application of the chemical attractant to the host plant is repeated as required to induce residual target-insect populations to lay eggs on the host plant, and wherein the behavior is controlled when a substantial number of offspring belonging to subsequent generations themselves mature and display a preference for laying eggs on the same type of host plant on which they were reared without further application of the chemical attractant is provided. Also disclosed are methods of deterring target insect feeding and breeding on plants of interest by applying toxic plant extract to the plants of interest.

Process to extract quassinoids

A means for the extraction and crystallization of quassinoids such as quassin and neoquassin from natural sources containing these compounds, using compounds that are Generally Recognized As Safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is provided. In particular, a means for extraction that does not require use of lead acetate, chloroform, methanol, or diethyl ether is provided. The process includes a means of removing non-polar and very polar substances from an extracted residue to enhance crystallization of quassinoids from the residue.

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR TREATING HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA USING ORTANIQUE PEEL EXTRACT

The invention relates to compositions and methods for treating hypercholesterolemia, including methods for increasing HDL cholesterol levels, using a composition comprising an extract from the Ortanique peel. The invention also relates to compositions and methods for treating hypercholesterolemia, including methods for increasing HDL cholesterol levels, using a composition comprising substantially similar amounts of tetramethylscutellarein and nobiletin by weight and/or a composition comprising substantially similar amounts of tetramethylscutellarein, nobiletin, and tangeretin by weight.